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I have created a Fragrance 101 series to help with some of the basics of fragrance terminology, understanding how to describe a fragrance and the ingredients used in making them. It may be helpful to watch these videos first so that future videos will make more sense.


Denatured ethyl alcohol is added to a fragrance compound to serve as the carrier. It modifies the fragrance intensity and makes application to the skin easier. Concentration of alcohol to perfume oils varies from perfumer to perfumer.
Aldehydes are an essential class of perfume ingredients that impart a vivid top note to the perfume. Aldehydes were first successfully incorporated into a perfume by Ernest Beaux in 1921 in Chanel No 5.
Lumps of oxidized fatty compounds, whose precursors were secreted and expelled by the Sperm Whale. Ambergris is commonly referred to as “amber” in perfumery.
Sticky, resinous materials obtained from trees or shrubs which give a combined sweet-woody odor associated with well-seasoned, nonconiferous woods such as maple.
Also called Civet Musk, this is obtained from the odorous sacs of the civets, animals in the family Viverridae, related to the Mongoose.
Powerful spicy odour of clove found in oils of clove and cinnamon leaf. Also found in roses, carnations, hyacinths and violets.
A beautiful lily aromatic, this synthetic is widely used in perfumery, particularly as the basis of all fragrances in which lily is incorporated.
One of the most valued synthetic perfume ingredients. They have a fresh, violet aroma and were first introduced into perfumery in 1936 in Violettes de Toulouse.
Originally derived from the musk sacs from the Asian musk deer, it has now been replaced by the use of synthetic musks which usually are called “white musk”.
Root-like stems with nodes, which grow under or along the ground. Certain perfume raw materials come from rhizomes, e.g., Orris absolute and ginger oil.


Ikramuddin Zwane says:

Informative; thank you.

citywildcat says:

I began making my own fragrances about 2 1/2 years ago as a winter hobby. It took me an entire year to buy supplies alone and another 6 months reading and learning, before even TOUCHING anything (you know, learning about bases, mid notes, and top notes, the fragrance wheel, etc.) I now have at least two or three wonderful fragrances but can’t get anyone to try them. I have shopped them around to people I do business with, like my stylist’s salon, my aesthetician, and small local boutiques. How do you get to that next step? HELPFUL VIDEO FOR BEGINNERS (and non beginners like myself – wasn’t aware of the rhizomes!)

sahin Sarker says:

Dear Joe how I will contact with you would tell me sir your whatapp enabled number.

Bloke says:

i observed a very queer thing using my fav. moschino forever really like u to solve this mystery…for the entire last week id been using forever sailing at work…and just 2,3 sprays were enuf to last all day and i cd get that whiff myself from time to time..really njoyed the scent…this continued for the first 3 or 4 days….but since the last 2 days a sudden change happened… i get hardly any feel of the scent at all !!!! its like its totally vanished…its the same amount im spraying and in the same places but i just dont get that whiff like before. .. wat cd be the reason ????

sahin Sarker says:

Dear Joe how I will contact with you would tell me sir your whatapp enabled number.


can you tell me about incense stics perfume

Alfian Hidayat says:

Do amber and ambergris have same smell?

Bulacan Etcetera! says:

what percentage of essential oil can makes it ‘unmixable’ to perfume grade alcohol?

sahin Sarker says:

dear sir
after serching I can not find you whatapps +8801717939293. pls

kali das says:

I have sandalwood essential oil, how should I make that in to synthetic perfume

poundrick says:

great content but bloody horrible editing!

cadcam says:

bloody horrible editing

Mohammad Maher says:

What type of colour won’t stain cloth? I’ve seen in one of video they are using food grade colour, is it okay to use?

Glen Cayanan says:

perfect .i want to know more

zahangir alam says:

Can you let us amount per lb/kg of ingredients

Lubega Richard says:


Arar Sufi says:

what about leather perfume ?

Exotic Scents says:

Nice video. Thank you

Hand Made Perfumes Canada says:

Thank you for talking about perfume materials. A lot of people don`t understand/are afraid of aroma chemicals… there`s NO need for it. They are safe, sometimes even safer then naturals! p.s. I haven`t come across real Ambergris yet!! I would LOVE to get some 🙂 Thanks so much for sharing your knowledge and enthusiasm!

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